Permanent repræsenteret hos Heede & Moestrup / Always represented at Gallery Heede & Moestrup - www.HeedeMoestrup.dk
Born in Huesca (Spain) on September 22, 1930.
|1936-1939||During the Civil War, lives with his family in Madrid, Valencia and Barcelona. At the end of the war, lives in Huesca for a year and then returns to Madrid.|
|1943||Contracts tuberculosis, and has to undergo several operations which result in a five-year period of immobility.|
|1947||Self-taught as an artist, Saura starts to paint and write.|
|1950||First personal exhibition in the bookshop Libros in Saragossa of the experimental work he had developed over the two previous years. The series Constellations and Rayograms.|
|1951||Landscape series. Publication of the poetic text Programio.|
First exhibition in Madrid,
in the Buchholz bookshop:
and surrealist works.
First trip to Paris.
|1953||Organises the exhibitions Tendencias and Arte Fantástico in Madrid.|
Lives in Paris. Joins in the
activities of the Surrealist group. Paintings which are organic and
random in concept, on canvas and paper, using a wide variety of
Phenomena series and Grattages. Paints for the first time using the structure of the female body as the source of inspiration.
Marries Madeleine Augot.
|1956||Presents a collection of his works at the Biblioteca Nacional in Madrid, together with his first paintings realised entirely in black and white. Women and Self-portraits series.|
First exhibition in Paris, at
the Galerie Stadler (preface to the catalogue by Michel Tapié).
Founds the El Paso Group, which he leads until it breaks up in 1960. Conferences and publication of several texts and manifestos. Realises the first Crucifixions and various series of satirical pieces on paper.
Birth of his daughter Marina.
Makes the first
portraits, which include the series devoted to
Participates in the Venice Biennale, together with Eduardo Chillida and Antoni Tàpies.
Makes several series of
large-format paintings, on themes which recur throughout his work:
Start of his printed works with the series of lithographs entitled Pintiquiniestras.
Publishes the essay Espacio y gesto.
First exhibition with Antoni Tàpies, at the Galerie van de Loo (Munich). Participates in “documenta 2”, Kassel.
Commits himself to political action, which he continues until the end of the Franco period.
Birth of his daughter Ana.
Abandons exclusive use of
black and white. Begins series
Profiles and hats. Works on paper:
Realises several sculptures.
Receives the Guggenheim Award (New York).
|1961||First exhibition at the Pierre Matisse Gallery (New York).|
First etchings and silk
screens. Mentira y sueño, a series of satirical drawings and
paintings on paper.
Publication in Rome by the Galleria Odyssia of a work devoted to the Crucifixions, with text by Enrico Crispolti.
Birth of his daughter Elena.
Stedelijk Museum, Eindhoven; Rotterdam Kunstring; and in museums in
Buenos Aires and Rio de Janeiro (works on paper).
Designs the set of La Casa de Bernarda Alba by Federico García Lorca, staged in Madrid for the first time, directed by Juan Antonio Bardem.
Retrospective of paintings
on paper and prints, organised by Eddy de Wilde at the Stedelijk Museum,
Amsterdam, at the Kunsthalle, Baden-Baden, and at the Konsthallen, Göteborg.
Second exhibition at the Pierre Matisse Gallery (New York).
Designs fourteen stained-glass windows for the Jordan Pavilion at the International Fair in New York, as well as a series of colour lithographs entitled Historia de España.
Participates in “documenta 3” in Kassel. Receives the Carnegie Prize with Eduardo Chillida and Pierre Soulages.
|1965||Destroys one hundred canvases (Cuenca).|
First trip to Cuba and
retrospective of works on paper at the Casa de las Américas (Havana).
Exhibition at the Institute of Contemporary Arts in London, organised by Roland Penrose.
Begins the series Women in an armchair as well as a new series Imaginary portraits.
Receives the Grand Prix at the Biennial of Engraving “Bianco e nero” in Lugano.
Makes Paris his permanent
base. Works during the summer in Cuenca.
Exhibits Women in an armchair and Imaginary portraits at the Galerie Stadler. Begins series Imaginary portraits of Goya and Goya’s dogs.
New auto-da-fé at Cuenca, at which event he again destroys around a hundred canvases.
Abandons painting in oils for
ten years and devotes himself exclusively to works on paper.
Participates in the Congreso cultural in Havana.
|1969||The editor Gustavo Gili publishes his first significant monograph in Barcelona. Text by José Ayllón.|
|1970||Spends most of the year in Havana.|
Realises lithographs at the
Centre genevois de gravure contemporaine, Geneva, together with a series
of drawings to illustrate
visions de Quevedo (editor Yves Rivière). Executes
several series of silk screens: The King (with Lezama Lima),
(with Bert Schierbeek), Le Chien de Goya (with Jean-Clarence
Marries Mercedes Beldarraín.
Attack carried out by an
extreme right-wing group at a retrospective of his works on paper at the
Galería Juana Mordó (Madrid).
Realises several Large-scale montages and several series of Superimpositions including La Quinta del Sordo.
Exhibition at the Colegio de
Arquitectos de Santa Cruz de Tenerife of a retrospective of his works on
paper. Continues the series of
Participates in the World Peace Congress celebrated in Moscow.
Retrospective of his works on
paper at the Centre M-11, Seville.
Works on a set of Large-scale montages and continues the series of Superimpositions.
Retrospective of his works on
paper at the Galería Maeght, Barcelona.
First trip to Mexico where he exhibits (Galería Juan Martín).
|1976||Mainly works on lithographs on zinc in the workshops of Clot, Bramsen & Georges in Paris and creates the series of silk screens entitled Moi (Myself), edited by Gustavo Gili. Is one of the organising committee for the Venice Biennale, in which he takes part.|
Starts to publish his
Creates the Cámara ardiente, an illustrated book with twelve etchings.
Thanks to numerous protests and shows of support, the expulsion measure to remove him from France is set aside.
Participates in “documenta VI” in Kassel.
Exhibits a collection of his
most recent graphic works at the Fondation nationale des arts graphiques
et plastiques in Paris. Participates in the “Primer Encuentro
Iberoamericano de Críticos de Arte y Artistas Plásticos” in Caracas
and publishes Notas para una discusión.
Starts again to paint in oil on canvas and makes a number of original painted books.
The Stedelijk Museum,
Amsterdam, organises a retrospective of his work under the curatorship
of Ad Petersen, to be shown later at the Kunsthalle, Düsseldorf, and
the following year at the Casa de Alhajas, Madrid, and the Fundación
Joan Miró, Barcelona.
Prize at the First Biennial of European Graphic Art, Heidelberg.
In Cuenca, an arson attack destroys some of his archives and collections.
Contributes to the debate
“Pour un portrait de Salvador Dalí” at the Centre Georges Pompidou.
From this time on, each year, he contributes to many seminars, colloquia and conferences on art and culture.
Retrospective of his works on
paper at the Caja de la Inmaculada, Saragossa.
Is made Chevalier de l’Ordre des Arts et des Lettres (France).
The Museo de Arte Contemporáneo,
Madrid, organises a travelling exhibition of his graphic work, to be
shown in several cities in Spain.
Publishes a pamphlet entitled Contra el Guernica.
Receives the Medalla de Oro de Bellas Artes from King Juan Carlos.
Paints and exhibits the
first Dora Maar series at the Galerie Stadler. A text by Pierre
Daix accompanies the exhibition catalogue entitled “Dora Maar d’après
Dora Maar/Portraits raisonnés avec chapeau”.
Designs the set of the ballet Carmen, directed by Carlos Saura and Antonio Gades at the Théâtre de Paris, and of Peixos Abissals by Joan Baixas at the Teatro La Claca, Barcelona.
President of the Paris Organising Committee for “World artists against apartheid”.
José María Berzosa realises a film for television about his work.
His daughter Elena dies in an accident.
|1984||Begins the series of paintings entitled Autodafé made on the torn-off covers of books.|
Gives a course at the
“Taller de arte actual” at the Círculo de Bellas Artes, Madrid.
Designs the stage scenery Woyzeck directed by Eusebio Lázaro in Madrid.
Creates Die Mauer, an art book of superimposed paintings.
The Cabinet des estampes, Geneva, presents a retrospective of his printed works. First catalogue raisonné of his printed work by Mariuccia Galfetti.
Realises a set of large-format paintings in acrylics and in oils.
The Neue Galerie-Sammlung,
Aix-la-Chapelle, organises a retrospective thematic exhibition.
Co-runs the seminar “El arte y el mal” at the UIMP, Seville.
a work of 20 x 10 m for the ceiling of the Diputación de Huesca. The
preparatory drawings are the subject of a travelling exhibition.
Illustrates Don Quijote de la Mancha for the Círculo de Lectores. The originals are exhibited in various institutions and are still being shown around the world. Publication of the collective work Figura y Fondo.
illustrating Kafka’s Tagebücher.
Publication of El pintor ilustrado, a collection of poems dedicated to the painter, and Elegía, a monograph with a preface by Guy Scarpetta and photos by Jean Bescós.
Co-runs the seminar “El sexo y el arte” at UIMP, Seville.
The Wiener Secession
presents a retrospective of his works on paper. Exhibition in anthology
form at Harvard University, Cambridge (USA). The Geneva Musée d’Art
et d’Histoire organises a thematic retrospective of his major canvases,
curated by Rainer Michael Mason, subsequently to be shown at IVAM,
Valencia (Spain) 1990, at the Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid, at
the Lenbachhaus, Munich, and at the Réfectoire des Jacobins, Toulouse.
Following an operation on his eyes, begins painting again.
Realises a set of large
monotypes (editor Carles Taché).
The UIMP, Cuenca, and the Círculo de Lectores organise an exhibition of his illustrated books.
Publication of the book La muerte y la nada with text by Jacques Chessex.
Runs a course in drawing at the Fondazione Antoni Ratti, Como, and (jointly with Guy Scarpetta) the seminar “Escritura como pintura” at the UIMP, Seville.
Is made Officier de l’Ordre des Arts et des Lettres (France).
Death of his daughter Ana.
Participates with Carlos
Saura and Luis García Navarro in the production of the opera
for the Staatstheater, Stuttgart.
The Diputaciones of Huesca, Saragossa and Teruel organise a retrospective exhibition entitled “Decenario”, subsequently shown at the Palau de la Virreina, Barcelona, and at the Palacio Almudí, Murcia.
Retrospective exhibition devoted to his books Retrato de Antonio Saura and Las Tentaciones de Antonio Saura (texts by Julián Ríos). Draws the illustrations to Poesía y otros textos by San Juan de la Cruz.
Designs the exhibition
perro de Goya in the Salas del Arenal, Seville, and in
the Museo de Bellas Artes, Saragossa.
The Círculo de Lectores organises the exhibition Antonio Saura y los libros de su vida to be shown in Madrid and then at the Institut Cervantès in Paris and in the Sala de la Corona de Aragón, Saragossa.
Publication of Note book (memoria del tiempo).
Desgns the set of the ballet
retablo de Maese Pedro by Manuel de Falla for the Ballet
Publication of Belvédère Miró.
Operation on his hip, which keeps him inactive for several months.
The Museo d’Arte Moderna,
Lugano, organises a retrospective of his work made between 1948 and
The Museo de Teruel presents an exhibition of his early works (oneiric and surrealist works), curated by Emmanuel Guigon.
Receives the Premio Aragón a las Artes.
Makes a series of 218 drawings and paintings on paper entitled Nulla dies sine linea.
after Collodi, and for this he receives the prize for the best book of
the year, awarded by the Spanish Ministry of Education and Culture.
Receives the Grand Prix des Arts de la Ville de Paris and the Prix Liberté, awarded in Sarajevo.
With his brother Carlos, designs the staging and scenery for Bizet’s opera Carmen at the Festival dei Due Mondi.
|1996||Curator of the exhibition Después de Goya, una mirada subjetiva, at the Palacio de la Lonja and Palacio de Montemuzo, Saragossa.|
|1997||Paints and exhibits several large-format paintings at Daniel Lelong in Paris (Crowds and Imaginary portraits of Goya) together with a new series of Portraits and Self-portraits.|
|1998||Dies in Cuenca, July 22, 1998.|
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